2017 PPI Score
School Choice Score: 0%
Charter Schools Score: 78%
Missouri earns a C in the Center for Education Reform’s most recent charter school law rankings.
Missouri’s charter sector is strong but geographic limitations have harmed the growth of the charter sector. The law only allows charters to operate in St. Louis and Kansas City. The charter sectors in both cities are incredibly healthy, but limits on charter growth outside of these urban centers disadvantages those who desire a charter school education.
Multiple authorizers, very autonomous schools, and a high charter school cap are positive aspects of Missouri’s charter school law.
- Fast Facts
- Law Passed in 1998
- Number of Charters: 64
- Estimated Charter Enrollment: 23,000 (up 11 percent from 2015-16)
- Charters are limited to Kansas City and St. Louis
- Charters can contract with EMOs and CMOs for management purposes
- Missouri scores 9 out of 15 for “authorizing.” Most of the state’s points in this section derive from the variety of different entities that can authorize schools, including several universities. However, Missouri’s charter school law only permits charter schools in St. Louis and Kansas City, which drastically limits the number of children who have access to a quality charter school education.
- Missouri scors 8 out of 15 for “growth” because charter schools are limited in where they can and cannot authorize (only in St Louis and Kansas City). This geographic requirement amounts to an arbitrary cap on charter schools and prevents the charter sector from meeting demand.
- Missouri earns 13 out of 20 for “operations” Charter schools are exempt from most state and district regulations (unless a district is the authorizer).However, the state heavily regulates schools via Annual Performance Reports. While reporting requirements may seem innocuous, they are require ample time of charter operators and often require operators to comply with additional, unwritten regulations.
- Missouri earns 7 out of 15 points for “funding equity.” Missouri’s law states that school districts are required to pay charter schools per-pupil funding in accordance with the state funding formula. The law also requires districts to send applicable federal and state aid to charters. Charter schools that are their own local education agencies receive all funding streams and categories. The State Department of Education retains one and five-tenths percent of a charter’s state and local funding for administrative fees, which it passes on to authorizers. The law does not provide per-pupil facilities funding.
Online Learning Score: 62%
The Missouri Virtual Instruction Program (MoVIP) gives all K-12 students in the state eligibility to take online courses through MoVIP, regardless of their prior-year enrollment. Many counties in Missouri have students participating in MoVIP, though most pay tuition.
Teacher Quality Score: 72%
Delivering Well Prepared Teachers B-
Expanding the Pool of Teachers D+
Identifying Effective Teachers D+
Retaining Effective Teachers C-
Exiting Ineffective Teachers C-