2017 PPI Score
School Choice Score: 62%
New Hampshire’s Town Tuitioning Program, enacted and launched in 2017, allows towns without district schools at a student’s grade level to use public dollars for students to attend any public or approved private, non-religious school in or outside of New Hampshire. The “tuitioning” district pays the tuition directly to the “receiving” schools.
The New Hampshire Education Tax Credit Program, enacted in 2012 and began in 2013, allows businesses that donate to scholarship-granting non-profits with tax credits. Families who meet the income limits can receive scholarships towards private schooling, tutoring, online learning, classes at colleges or universities, and/or homeschooling expenses.
Charter Schools Score: 62%
New Hampshire’s charter school sector is weak due to heavy regulations and massive funding inequities.
New Hampshire’s law allows for the state board of education and local school boards to authorize charter schools although the state board of education does the majority of the authorizing. Charter Schools are heavily regulated by the state in a way that has stifled their growth. Charter funding comes at around half of what traditional public schools receive on a per-pupil basis.
New Hampshire earned a D on CER’s most recent charter school law rankings. The state’s grade was harmed in part due to due to school districts being the only ones who are able to authorize New Hampshire, 0percent charter school growth for charter schools according to a report by the National Alliance for Public Charter Schools, and a lack of equitable facilities funds.
- Fast Facts
- Law Passed: 1996
- Number of Schools: 26
- Estimated Charter School Enrollment: 3,300 (up 3percent from 2015-16)
- There is a cap of district sponsored charter charter schools
- Virtual Charter Schools are Allowed
- Charter Schools can contract with EMOs and CMOs
- New Hampshire earned a three out of fifteen for authorizers. School boards in New Hampshire are the primary charter school authorizers; however, once they receive approval by a school board charter schools need a second approval. While charter schools can bypass school boards and apply directly to the state, there are limitations on the ability for the state authorize in this manner which make the state not a viable authorizing option for students. Since charter schools require the consent of the school board, they lose their ability to be innovative. School boards do not approve charter schools that are sufficiently different from the schools in their district, limiting the ability for charter schools to be innovative.
- New Hampshire earned a six out of fifteen for growth. New Hampshire has a cap for charter schools that are approved by school boards (there is no cap for charter schools that are authorized by the state board). Additionally no more than ten percent of students in a school district can attend a charter school without district approval. Arbitrary policies like this serve solely to limit opportunity for students. Furthermore, New Hampshire’s regulatory environment serves to hinder the growth of successful charter schools even more by requiring a new application for additional charter school campuses.
- New Hampshire earns a twelve out of twenty for operations. Charter schools are exempt from state laws and regulations regarding public schools. However, charter schools require the approval of the local school district to operate meaning that they are incredibly susceptible to school district regulations and limitations which can limit charters ability to operate as they so please and thus harm their ability to provide students with the outcomes they need to be successful. Additionally, all charter school teachers need to either be certified in the same manner of traditional public school teachers or have three years of experience. This policy results in the limitation of the amount of qualified individuals who can teach students therefore harming student’s
New Hampshire earned a two- and -a -half 5 out of fifteen for funding equity. In New Hampshire, locally approved charters receive significantly less funding than traditional public schools, in spite of the law guaranteeing a minimum of 80 percent of per-pupil expenditures. approved charters receive the state’s annual per-pupil funding plus adequacy and disparity aid to bridge some of the gap, but there is still a large inequity, mainly because guidance for categorical funding is unclear in law. Funding inequities have historically been known to result in forced school closures. New Hampshire does not provide their charter schools with per pupil facilities funding.
Online Learning Score: 65%
New Hampshire is a local control state, with few regulations or requirements for districts.
Teacher Quality Score: 65%
Delivering Well Prepared Teachers C-
Expanding the Pool of Teachers D
Identifying Effective Teachers D-
Retaining Effective Teachers F
Exiting Ineffective Teachers D