School Choice Score: 0%
The state permits parents some choices among traditional public schools, allowing students to attend any public school in the state, but moves from one district to another require districts to agree to such transfers.
Charter Schools Score: 75%
Some improvements over the last couple of years have been made, including slowly expanding the school cap to 305 by 2019 and giving charters facilities funds or unused space. Also, an automatic closure law that was enacted to close under-performing charter schools has been taken advantage of by the state, revoking almost as many charters in one year as they had in all previous years combined. While performance-based accountability is the hallmark of charters, the auto-closure law has resulted in some unintended closures without due process.
Online Learning Score: 68%
Students are provided a wide range of options through the Texas Virtual School Network (TxVSN). Texas passed legislation in 2013 that gives students the option to take up to three funded TxVSN courses each year, although with restrictions.
- Source: Digital Learning Now!
Teacher Quality Score: 72%
Neither tenure decisions nor licensure advancement and renewal are based on teacher effectiveness. Texas could do more to make eligibility for dismissal a clear consequence of multiple unsatisfactory evaluations. Performance, however, is the primary criterion for districts to consider during layoffs. Teacher compensation is determined by a minimum state salary schedule based on seniority and advanced degrees.